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Wo? Wohin? Woher?
What's the difference?

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Quick Answer

Use "Wo?" when you want to ask "Where at". Use "Wohin?" when you want to ask "where to". And lastly, use "Woher?" when you want to ask "Where from?".

The difference between "Wo", "Wohin" & "Woher" in German is very straightforward. While we would mostly just use "where" in English, the German language distinguishes 3 kinds of "where" (in English, this used to be the case, too: Where, whence & whither).

Deutsch Englisch
Wo? Where (at) Where
Wohin? Where (to)? Whither
Woher? Where (from)? Whence

"Wo" indicates where someone (or something) is. "Wohin" asks where someone (or something) is going to. "Woher" asks where someone (or something) is coming from.

Let's have a look at some examples.

Wo?

Wo asks: "Where are you right now?" / "Where are you at?".

๐Ÿง‘๐Ÿปโ€๐ŸฆฑPeter
Wo bist du?
๐Ÿ‘ฉ๐Ÿฝโ€๐ŸฆฑSarah
Ich bin im Park!

You would use "Wo" to ask where someone is (or was) at a specific point in time:

๐Ÿง‘๐Ÿปโ€๐ŸฆฑPeter
Wo warst du gestern? Wir waren alle bei dem Fussballspiel!
๐Ÿ‘ฉ๐Ÿฝโ€๐ŸฆฑSarah
Ich war krank! Ich konnte leider nicht kommen.

Wohin?

With "Wohin", direction is introduced. Namely, moving away from the speaker.

๐Ÿง‘๐Ÿปโ€๐ŸฆฑPeter
Wohin gehst du? Ich dachte, wir gehen gleich zusammen ein Eis essen?
๐Ÿ‘ฉ๐Ÿฝโ€๐ŸฆฑSarah
Oh, ich wollte nur schnell etwas Geld holen! Ich komme gleich wieder.

Woher?

The opposite to "Wohin" is "Woher": Now we're not asking "where to?", but "where from?":

๐Ÿง‘๐Ÿปโ€๐ŸฆฑPeter
Woher kommt dieser Geruch?
๐Ÿ‘ฉ๐Ÿฝโ€๐ŸฆฑSarah
Von oben! Ich glaube, unser Nachbar hat sein Essen im Ofen vergessen!

You can also use "Woher" to ask "How do you know this?"

๐Ÿง‘๐Ÿปโ€๐ŸฆฑPeter
Ich habe geheiratet!
๐Ÿ‘ฉ๐Ÿฝโ€๐ŸฆฑSarah
Ja, ich weiรŸ.
๐Ÿง‘๐Ÿปโ€๐ŸฆฑPeter
Was? Woher weiรŸt du das?

Translated literally (in bad English ๐Ÿ˜…): "Where from do you know this?"